|About the Book|
• This e-book is illustrated as per first publication.• It contains all original drawings and charts.• The images have been re-sized, digitally enhanced and optimized for a Kindle.• A new table of contents with links to individual chapters hasMore• This e-book is illustrated as per first publication.• It contains all original drawings and charts.• The images have been re-sized, digitally enhanced and optimized for a Kindle.• A new table of contents with links to individual chapters has been added by a publisher.From the introductory.ARMOUR AND THE FARMERWithin recent years interest in agriculture has been growing very rapidly. Railroads, banks, chambers of commerce, and many large industries have organized departments of agriculture. A new impetus has been given to agricultural education, and agricultural colleges and experiment stations have begun to receive large appropriations and to nourish as they never did before. The farmers are more alert mentally, and are making better use of the soil, which shows a healthy reaction from this universal interest in the subject.Many factors are back of this new interest in agriculture. In the first place, all are beginning to see that agriculture is the only vocation that can maintain an independent existence. For in it, men can find their food, clothing and shelter, and with these life can be sustained. In the second place, all are beginning to understand the importance of the soil as our universal source of supplies. We are beginning to realize that the soil can be wasted or it can be conserved in a state of permanent fertility, and that universal interest may set machinery in motion to preserve it permanently before the thinning process has gone too far.While agriculture is perhaps the most important vocation of man, civilization is based on successful agriculture, plus a healthy system of transportation, commerce, manufacture and industry. It is based on the proper contact of man with man and nation with nation, which is not possible without an efficient system of transportation. Farmers realize thoroughly that agriculture is a fascinating business or Vocation only when to its necessities are added comforts and amusements. They know that to make these possible requires skilled workmen and talent not engaged in agriculture. In other words, civilization requires that populations be so divided that only a sufficient number will be producing to furnish food and clothing, and to make agriculture fascinating- that a sufficient number be engaged in transportation to make for efficiency, yet not so crowded that the vocation ceases to be profitable- that a sufficient number be engaged in, manufacture and commerce, and that there be equal chance for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in all lines of activity.Armour is interested in agriculture because it is the background of all manufacture and industry, without which they could not exist. Commerce and industry must prosper with agriculture. They cannot prosper at the expense of agriculture. In the early history of mankind, production was imposed upon slaves, and government was administered to the people and not controlled by them. For the purpose of getting an accurate estimate of Armours relations with production, there has been organized a Bureau of Agricultural Research and Economics. To this department we are looking for a thorough investigation- of our interest in the problem, and just how we should establish closer relations with the producers. This book shows some points at which Armour and the farmer have interests in common and we believe will lay the foundation for an understanding of our problems, and for a better relationship between our interests and the farmers interests.